Micro frontends vs Microservices Comparison

Micro frontends vs Microservices represent two architectural strategies aimed at assisting organizations in constructing scalable and maintainable software systems. Although they both use the “micro” prefix and share the objective of dividing extensive systems into more manageable parts, they tackle distinct aspects of software development and serve different purposes. Let’s explore into a comparison of these (micro frontends vs microservices) approaches:

  1. Scope and Purpose
    • Micro Frontends:
      • Micro frontends are all about the user interface (UI) of an application.
      • They take the frontend of a web app and divide it into smaller, independent pieces that can be deployed and managed on their own.
      • This approach allows various teams to work on different parts of the UI, making it possible to develop and release frontend features more quickly.
    • Microservices:
      • Microservices mainly deal with the backend of an application.
      • They divide the application’s business logic and functions into small, self-contained services that can be deployed independently.
      • This approach allows teams to work on particular functions or features of the application separately, which helps in making the backend more scalable and flexible.
  2. Components
    • Micro Frontends:
      • In the world of micro frontends, the building blocks are usually frontend tools, elements, or apps.
      • Each micro frontend can be its own web app or a part of a web app.
    • Microservices:
      • In the realm of microservices, the components typically consist of backend services or APIs
      • Each microservice offers specific functions, often having its own database or data storage.
  3. Decoupling
    • Micro Frontends:
      • Micro frontends separate frontend code, allowing teams to work on different parts of the user interface independently.
      • This approach provides the freedom to use various frontend technologies, frameworks, and programming languages for each micro frontend.
    • Microservices:
      • Microservices separate the backend functions, enabling teams to work on specific features independently.
      • While these microservices can use different languages and technologies, they often rely on a common communication protocol like REST or gRPC for smooth interactions.
  4. Deployment and Scaling
    • Micro Frontends:
      • Micro frontends can be deployed and resized separately, making it easy to adapt to changes in website traffic and feature enhancements.
    • Microservices:
      • Microservices can be deployed and adjusted individually, making it simple to allocate resources efficiently and respond to changing demands for specific services.
  5. Collaboration
    • Micro Frontends:
      • Micro frontends support collaboration among frontend teams, so they can work together on different parts of the user interface at the same time.
    • Microservices:
      • Microservices promote teamwork among versatile groups, each dedicated to particular app features, with a primary emphasis on the backend.

Micro Frontends Example

Suppose you’re managing an e-commerce website, and you aim to split the user interface into micro frontends, each dedicated to distinct sections like the product catalog, shopping cart, and user profile. Each of these micro frontends can be considered as an individual web application, responsible for presenting its unique UI component. Let’s explore a basic code representation:

<!-- Product Catalog Micro Frontend -->
<div id="product-catalog-app"></div>
<script src="product-catalog.js"></script>

<!-- Shopping Cart Micro Frontend -->
<div id="shopping-cart-app"></div>
<script src="shopping-cart.js"></script>

<!-- User Profile Micro Frontend -->
<div id="user-profile-app"></div>
<script src="user-profile.js"></script>

In this example, every micro frontend stands as an independent web application that loads its individual JavaScript bundle and can be worked on by separate teams. This setup enables autonomous development, testing, and deployment for each section of the website.

Microservices Example

Now, let’s explore microservices using the example of an e-commerce application. In this setup, distinct backend services handle tasks like product management, order processing, and user authentication. These services are represented through straightforward HTTP endpoints:

# Product Management Microservice
def get_product(product_id):
    # Retrieve product details

# Order Processing Microservice
def get_order(order_id):
    # Retrieve order information

# User Authentication Microservice
def login():
    # Authenticate the user

# ... other microservices ...

In this example, every route or endpoint symbolizes an autonomous microservice designed for a particular purpose, enabling individual development, deployment, and scalability.


In conclusion, micro frontends vs microservices complement each other as architectural strategies. Micro frontends deal with the user interface (UI) of an application, whereas microservices handle the backend services. Both of these approaches (micro frontends vs microservices) share the goal of enhancing development speed, scalability, and maintainability by breaking down large monolithic systems into smaller, more manageable components.

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